There are no conspiracy theories, ancient Greeks were rationalists

10 November 2015
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Conspiracy theories did not exist in the antiquity. The ancient Greeks were rationalists and scientists with the original sense of the term. All scientific researches on the Antikythera Mechanism, one of the greatest mysteries of the ancient world, dated between 150-100 BC, lead to the same conclusion.

“There were no conspiracy theories,” Kyriakos Efstathiou, professor of Mechanical Engineering at the Aristotelion University of Thessaloniki and head of the group that studies Antikythera Mechanism, stated to ANA-MPA.

“All our research has shown that our ancestors used their deep knowledge of the astronomy and technology to construct such mechanisms and based only on this conclusion, the history of the technology should be re-written because it sets its start a lot of centuries back in the past,” he noted.
Efstathiou explained that the Antikythera Mechanism is undoubtedly the first computer of the antiquity based on the scientific term for the computer according to which “it is a machine with an entry where we can import data and this machine can bring and create results based on a scientific mathematical scale. Never before did we have such a device.” Efstathiou underlined that “we do not simply refer to a computer but to a super-computer.”
The most recent results of the Aristotle University’s study on Antikythera Mechanism will be presented on Wednesday 11 November at the university premises. The new educational model of the mechanism that was constructed by the University’s scientific group will also be presented and will reveal all the new facts of the research.

The replica of the famous Antikythera Mechanism, whose remains are currently at Greece’s National Archaeological Museum, has been built and put on show in the National Observatory of Athens on Nymphs’ Hill in Thissio. It is the most recent and updated replica of the complex mechanism, which uses nearly all the latest information that archaeologists have discovered about the mechanism using the new scanning techniques.

It is built of a 4:1 scale, or four times larger than life size, in order to make its workings more clearly visible and easily understood.
The Antikythera Mechanism was first discovered more than a century earlier by sponge divers off the island of Antikythera, who recovered it from a shipwreck at a depth of 45 metres under the sea. Its origins and purpose were long shrouded in mystery until carbon dating and modern scanning techniques showed that it was built at some time between 205 and 100 B.C. as a complex clockwork device to predict astronomical and calendrical phenomena.

Found housed in a 340 mm × 180 mm × 90 mm wooden box, the device is a complex clockwork mechanism composed of at least 30 meshing bronze gears. Its remains were found as 82 separate fragments, of which only seven contain any gears or significant inscriptions. The largest gear is approximately 140 mm in diameter and originally had 223 teeth. All the original fragments are now kept and displayed at the National Archaeological Museum.

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